Having residencia precaria in Argentina means that you can live in the country legally but temporarily. This immigration status is normally given to people who have applied for permanent residence and are waiting for a final decision to be given by the immigration authorities (usually 1-3 months later, but sometimes longer).

Residencia precaria is not the same as temporary residence - with residencia precaria the person is allowed to live in Argentina but is not able to apply for a D.N.I. and the permit must be periodically renewed if it isn't converted into a permanent residence.

If the permanent residency application is approved then the immigration status will be changed to residencia permanente and the person will be able to live in Argentina indefinitely, otherwise they may be given a date by which they must leave the country.